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Science: Social_Sciences: Linguistics: Languages: Natural: Indo-European: Proto-Indo-European

See also:

Did Indo-European Languages Spread Before Farming?
Journal article by Jonathan Adams and Marcel Otte scheduled to be published in "Current Anthropology" that challenges the dominant theory placing Indo-European dispersal in the Bronze Age.

The Early History of Indo-European Languages
Authors: Thomas V. Gamkrelidze and V. V. Ivanov. (Scientific American, March 1990). Article by two well-known linguists, presenting a controversial theory about the origin and development of the IE languages.

The Ergativic Stage of Early Proto-Indoeuropean
Web version of a doctoral thesis by Hans-Joachim Alscher concerning the origin of the Indo-European nominal declension and gender systems. Includes a discussion of the possible relationship between the Indo-European and Afro-Asiatic language families.

Illyrian Language
A rather heterogeneous site, containing material on the history of the Illyrian language, and on the putative origins of Albanian and Avar. However, it also contains the totality of Pokorny's Indo-European Etymological Dictionary, with some corrections, and with glosses translated from German into English.

Indo-European and the Indo-Europeans
Article by Indo-European scholar Calver Watkins, providing a survey of Indo-European linguistics, and how this field of study sheds light on the homeland of the first speakers of Indo-European. [From The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition, 2000].

Indo-European Etymological Dictionary (IED)
Ambitious project based at the Leiden University (The Netherlands). It contains etymological data for some individual Indo-European (IE) languages, as well as for some branches of the family.

Indo-European: Possible Homeland & Migrations Slideshow
Introductory page on the homeland problem, ans slideshow of homeland and possible migrations after mainstream opinion.

Indo-European Roots Index
Comprehensive listing of the approx. 600 Indo-European roots that have derivatives in English, with links to the corresponding entries in the online edition of the "American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language: Fourth Edition" (2000).

Kurgan Culture
Detailed description of the archaeological findings associated with the "Kurgan culture", a 5th-3th millennium BC civilization north of the Black Sea, whose inhabitants are widely thought to have been the speakers of Proto-Indo-European (PIE). Includes a partial reconstructed PIE word list.

Linguistics: Historical Linguistics
A light-hearted discussion of Indo-European and other linguistics topics, from the staff in the Linguistics Program at Bucknell University (Lewisburg, PA, USA).

Piotr Gasiorowski's Home Page
Survey of the author's ideas about Proto Indo-European phonetics and grammar.

Proto-Indo-European Language Demonstration and Exploration Website
Basic overview of the Indo-European language family, with particular attention to its major members. From the College of Liberal and Fine Arts (COLFA) at the University of Texas at San Antonio.

Proto-Indo-European (PIE)
A good, if rather brief, overview of the Proto-Indo-European language, with outlines of some of its daughter branches. The author is Marisa Lohr, a Research Fellow at Trinity College, University of Cambridge (England).

The Spread of the Indo-Europeans
Scholarly article by Frederik Kortlandt on the dating of the spreading of the Indo-Europeans based on information obtained from both linguistic and archaeological research.


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